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2008年高三英语一轮复习动词时态专项精讲精练          【字体:


作者:soosun    文章来源    点击数:    更新时间:2007-10-13     

1.-Excuse me, sir. Smoking is not allowed here.
  -Oh, sorry, I _________.
A. have known  B. don’t know   C. didn’t know  D. hadn’t known
2.-How long_______ you_______ in Shanghai?
  -For just 2 days. I’ll be back next week.
A. are; staying  B. have; stayed  C. did; stay   D. do; stay
3. His parents would have sent him to school, but they_______ so poor.
A. had been   B. were    C. have been   D. are
4. -May I speak to your manager Mr. Williams at five o’clock tonight ?
  -I’m sorry. Mr. Williams________ to a conference long before then..
A. will have gone  B. had gone   C. would have gone  D. has gone
5. -Where have you been all these days?
  -I______ with my cousins because my parents have gone abroad on business.
A. stayed    B. was staying   C. have stayed   D. am staying
6. I_______ you of the danger of fast driving –now, what can we do with the broken car?
A. was reminding  B. reminded   C. had reminded  D. have reminded
7. -Is Lin Tao a solider?
  -No, but he________ in the army for three years.
A. has served   B. had served   C. was serving   D. served
8. -We______ to put off our school sports meet until next month.
  -I_______ that.
A. have decided; didn’t expect        B. decided; didn’t expect
C. have decided; haven’t expected    D. decide; don’t expect
9. -You haven’t said a word about my new hair-style, Molly. Don’t you like it?
  -I’m sorry I ______ anything about it sooner. I certainly think it’s pretty.
A. wasn’t saying  B. didn’t say   C. won’t say   D. don’t say
10. -Is John going away?
  -I think so. He ________ for a better job, but he didn’t get it.
A. hopes   B. had hoped   C. was hoped   D. has hoped
11. The crazy fans _____patiently for two hours, and they would wait till the movie star arrived.
A. were waiting  B. had been waiting  C. had waited   D. would wait
12. Old McDonald gave up smoking for a while, but soon ______ to his old ways.
A. returned   B. returns    C. was returning  D. had returned
13. -Why weren’t you at the meeting?
  -I______ for a long-distance call from my father in Australia.
A. have been waiting B. was waiting   C. had waited   D. waited
14. -Bob has gone to California. I hear.
   -Oh, I wonder when he ______.
A. has left   B. leaves    C. left    D. was leaving
15. -What happened to you the other day?
   -I _____ to Beijing, but I missed my flight.
A. would fly   B. was flying   C. had flown   D. flew

1) 经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频度的时间状语连用。
2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。
3) 表示格言或警句中。如:Pride goes before a fall. 骄者必败。 
例:Columbus proved that the earth is round..
4) 现在时刻的状态、能力、性格、个性。
  I don't want so much.   Ann Wang writes good English but does not speak well.
 2 一般过去时的用法
  时间状语有:yesterday, last week, an hour ago, the other day, in 1982等。
  Where did you go just now?
  When I was a child, I often played football in the street.
  It is time for sb. to do sth  "到……时间了"  "该……了"
  It is time sb. did sth. "时间已迟了"  "早该……了"
  It is time for you to go to bed.  你该睡觉了。
  It is time you went to bed.   你早该睡觉了。
  would (had) rather sb. did sth. 表示'宁愿某人做某事'
  I'd rather you came tomorrow.
4) wish, wonder, think, hope 等用过去时,作试探性的询问、请求、建议等。
 I thought you might have some. 我以为你想要一些。
注意: 用过去时表示现在,表示委婉语气。
1)动词want, hope, wonder, think, intend 等。
   Did you want anything else?    I wondered if you could help me.
2)情态动词 could, would.
   Could you lend me your bike?
3. 一般将来时
1) shall用于第一人称,常被will 所代替。
  will 在陈述句中用于各人称,在争求意见时常用于第二人称。
  Which paragraph shall I read first.
  Will you be at home at seven this evening?
2) be going to +不定式,表示将来。
  a. 主语的意图,即将做某事。
   What are you going to do tomorrow?
  b. 计划,安排要发生的事。
   The play is going to be produced next month。
  c. 有迹象要发生的事
   Look at the dark clouds, there is going to be a storm.
3)  be +不定式表将来,按计划或正式安排将发生的事。
   We are to discuss the report next Saturday.
4) be about to +不定式,意为马上做某事。
  He is about to leave for Beijing.
  注意:be about to 不能与tomorrow, next week 等表示明确将来时的时间状语连用。
  现在完成时用来表示之前已发生或完成的动作或状 态,其结果的确和现在有联系。动作或状态发生在过去 但它的影响现在还存在;也可表示持续到现在的动作或 状态。其构成: have (has) +过去分词。
1) 概念:表示过去某一段时刻或某一动作之前完成的动作或存在的状态。
----|-------|-----|---->其构成是had +过去分词构成。
那时以前  那时 现在      
2) 用法
 a. 在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句。
   She said (that) she had never been to Paris.
 b. 状语从句
   When the police arrived, the thieves had run away.
 c. 表示意向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean, suppose等,用过去完成时表示"原本…,未能…"
   We had hoped that you would come, but you didn't.
3) 过去完成时的时间状语before, by, until , when, after, once, as soon as。
注意: had no … when     还没等…… 就……
    had no sooner… than  刚…… 就……
  He had no sooner bought the car than he sold it..
 1) 构成will / be going to do sth.
 2) 概念 
 a. 状态完成:表示某事继续到将来某一时为止一直有的状态。
 b. 动作完成:表示将来某一时或另一个将来的动作之前,已经完成的动作或获得的经验。
   They will have been married for 20 years by then.
   You will have reached Shanghai by this time tomorrow.

 a. 表示现在( 指说话人说话时) 正在发生的事情。
   We are waiting for you.
 b. 习惯进行:表示长期的或重复性的动作,说话时动作未必正在进行。
   Mr. Green is writing another novel. 
   She is learning piano under Mr. Smith.
 c. 表示渐变的动词有:get, grow, become, turn, run, go, begin等。
   The leaves are turning red.
   It's getting warmer and warmer.
 d. 与always, constantly, forever 等词连用,表示反复发生的动作或持续存在的状态,往往带有说话人的主观色彩。
   You are always changing your mind.
 8. 过去进行时
1) 概念:表示过去某时正在进行的状态或动作。
2) 过去进行时的主要用法是描述一件事发生的背景;一个长动作发生的时候,另一个短动作发生。
3) 常用的时间状语
this morning, the whole morning, all day yesterday, from nine to ten last evening, when, while
   My brother fell while he was riding his bicycle and hurt himself. 
   It was raining when they left the station.
   When I got to the top of the mountain, the sun was shining. 
 9. 将来进行时
1) 概念:表示将来某时进行的状态或动作,或按预测将来会发生的事情。
   She'll be coming soon.
   I'll be meeting him sometime in the future.
注意:将来进行时不用于表示"意志",不能说 I'll be having a talk with her.
Soon, tomorrow, this evening,on Sunday, by this time,tomorrow, in two days, tomorrow evening
By this time tomorrow, I'll be lying on the beach.

考点一、纵观历年的高考题不难发现,高考有关时态的考查呈现这样一个趋势, 原来单纯在一个简单句中给定明确的时间状语的试题少了,即单纯语法知识的题目减少了, 代之以给出一个上下文情景或结构较为复杂的句子,增加干扰因素,要求学生在理解上下文语境的情况下的深层次的语用考查,也就是说考查学生的灵活运用语法知识的能力。
考点四、注意在下列结构或句型中应该现在什么时态: It(This /That)is the first time(that)…; It(This /That)is the only /the first /the best…(that)…
Someone has phoned you.(打了电话)  Someone has been phoning you.(一直在打电话)
I've read the novel.(已读完)   I've been reading the novel.(还没读完)

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