Period 1 New words and expressions
What puzzles me is why they didn't show up. _令我百思不解的是他们为什么没有出现。
He looked a little puzzled. 他看上去有点困惑。
His recent behavior puzzles me. 他最近的行为使我迷惑不解。
I could not puzzle out her intentions. 我猜不出她的意图。
We finally puzzled out the meaning of the poem. 我们苦苦思索终于理解这首诗的意思。
I have been puzzling about this question for weeks now.
n. 1. (游戏的)猜谜,智力竞赛[C] 2. 难题,谜,难以理解之事[S1]
Her decision was a puzzle to him. 她的决定对他来说是个谜。
I'm in a puzzle as to how to cope with the new situation. 我不知道该如何应付这新局面.
2.in exchange for_与……交换
She is giving him English lessons in exchange for his teaching her Chinese.
He wandered in the streets. 他在街上游荡。
During the storm the ship wandered from its course. 船在风暴中偏离了航道。
He wandered from the subject. 他说离了题。
My attention wandered. 我走了神。
The volunteers for community service are doing a good job. 社区服务的志愿者做得很出色。
Many Australians fought as volunteers on the Allied side.
They volunteered to repair the house for the old lady. 他们主动提出替老太太修缮房子。
She volunteered the information. 她自动提供了这一消息。
He volunteered for the hard and unprofitable job. 他自愿做这苦差使。
When the war broke out, he volunteered for the Marine Corps.
vt. 1) 建议,提议[+v-ing][+(that虚拟)][+wh-]
I suggest our going to the park on Sunday. 我建议我们星期天去公园。
The dentist suggested that she (should) come another day. 牙医建议她改天再来。
Her expression suggested pleasure./that she was pleased她面露喜色。
That cloud suggests a boat to me. 那朵云使我联想到船。
They didn't accomplish the purpose desired. 他们没有达到预期的目的。
They have accomplished their mission successfully. 他们成功地完成了任务。
She has accomplished 95 years of her life. 她已达九十五高龄。
The journey was accomplished in five weeks. 花了五个礼拜走完全部旅程。
A person refers to a dictionary（查阅字典）to find the meaning of the words.
I knew the lady was referring to Bill when she spoke of a bright young boy.
Don’t refer to your sister as（把你的妹妹称作） a silly cow!
Our teacher refers us to many good books.（让我们参考许多好书）。
If he needs any further information, refer him to me.（让他来找我）。
He referred his success to（把他的成功归功于）the good teaching he’s had.
8.arise (arose, arisen)
A heavy mist arose from the lake. 湖面起了浓雾。
Unexpected difficulties arose in the course of their experiment.
Between the copartners serious disagreements arose. 合伙人之间产生了严重分歧。
He was punished for giving false evidence.（做伪证）
The evidence is very shaky. 这证据相当靠不住。
There are evidences that somebody has been living here. 有迹象显示有人一直住在这里。
I'm sure I don't deserve so much praise. 我肯定自己不值得这么多赞扬。2)赞美的话,赞词[P][(+of)]
The praises of his friends made the boy feel very proud.
Let us give praise to God. 让我们赞美神吧
The publishers praised his novel pretty highly. 出版商们对他的小说评价甚高。
The mayor praised the boy for his courage. 市长赞扬这个男孩很勇敢。
Period 2 Warming up & Listening & Speaking
Step 1 Talk about the pictures in the SB
Q2 seven.They’re Asia,Afria,Europe,North America,South America,Oceania and Antarctica.
Q3 Winds and waves on the sea, losing their way,lack of food and drinking water ,pirates,
languages,communication devices and diseases…
Q4explore,challenge,brave,luck,lackof,hardship,death,disease,success,failure,wealth, knowledge,technology,information, equip…
Step 2 Listening
Step 3 Speaking
Step 4 Language points
1.what sort of questions do you think the reporter …..
sorts of…各种各类的a sort of一种
eg: you can see sorts of fishes under the sea. _____________________________________
do you think 是插入语,放在特殊问句疑问词之后,其后的句子应用陈述语序.
eg: When do you think they will come back?
2.What modern means can explorers …
make use of _________________make good/full use of… ___________
3. In which way will a human trip to …
be similar to….与…相似.
eg: The gold is similar to brass in color. ______________________________
4.In their work, scientists meet with……
meet with/come across/come up with/run into遇到,碰上
Eg: While reading, you are sure to come across some new words.
make decisions about…. 对…作出决定
about which …在句中引导一带有介词的定语从句, 修饰先行词situations
5.When Captain James Cook landed in….
take possession of把…占为己有,占领,夺取
e.g. Don’t take possession of the wallet,though you picked it up in the street.
in the name of以… 名义,代表…
e.g. The police arrested him in the name of the law（以法律名义）。
4..Instead of sending people, we can send robots equipped with….
instead of代替, 而不是
e.g. Instead of going to the museum, they finally decided to go to the park.
equipped with “ 装备”, 过去分词短语作定语
equip… with, be equipped with
e.g. All the police are equipped with guns and bullets.
equipment n. _设备,配置_do observations for为… 去做观察 _
/某物/某人为某人所有 in the name of sb/sth
4.富含/缺乏 _______________________ 5.进行调查 _______________________
6.一项国家重点项目 _______________________7.挖掘 _______________________
Period 3 Reading（一）
Para.1Thesis sentence Many great explorers made expeditions across the Indian Ocean long
before Columbus, among whom Zheng He was the most prominent.
Para.2 China had contacts with countries along the Indian Ocean from the early time, and during
ancient time explorers had begun to contact with each other.
Para.3 Between the Han and the early Tang Dynasty, Swahili kingdoms and the islands off the
African coast developed into the world trade centre and attracted merchants from the world.
Para.4 During the Tang Dynasty, Du Huan, who traveled to many lands, wrote the book Record of
Para.5In the eleventh century, the Africans made several voyages to the court of the Song Dynasty.
Para.6 By the beginning of the fifteenth century . the time was ripe for a grand meeting.
Para.7 In the years between 1405 and 1433, under the command of Zheng He, seven large
treasure fleets sailed westwards on voyages of trade and exploration..
Para.8 Zheng He renewed relations with the kingdoms of the East African coast.
Para.9The fleet made several expeditions before the exploration was stopped.
Step 2 T or F
1.The Europeans were the first Explorers to travel to other countries. （ ）
2. Accurate maps of the countries around the Indian Ocean were made before the fifteenth
century. （ ）
3.In the years between 1405 and 1433 , Zheng He sailed westwards only on voyages of
exploration. （ ）
4 Zheng He invited African countries to send ambassadors to China. （ ）
Read the first paragraph carefully and answer the following questions.
Students read quickly and try to find information to answer the questions.
1. What formed the foundation of mankind’s interest in exploration?
Trade and curiosity formed the foundation of mankind’s interest in exploration.
2. What was Columbus’s purpose of searching for the wealthy Asian lands?
His purpose of searching was to seek treasure.
3. Which ocean does the world “western ocean” refer to?
It referred to part of the Pacific Ocean west of Brunei and part of the Indian Ocean along the coast.
4. Guess who explored the Western Ocean before Columbus.
Many people explored the Western Ocean, among whom Zheng He was the most famous.
1.In the Han Dynasty, who traveled over land to the East Roman Empire?
In the Han Dynasty, Gang Ying traveled over land to the East Roman Empire.
2. Between the Han and early the Tang Dynasty, Which part of Africa developed into the world trade centre?
Between the Han and the early Tang Dynasty, Swahili kingdoms and the islands off the African coast developed into the world trade centre.
3. During the Tang Dynasty which traveler wrote Record of My Travels?
During the Tang Dynasty Du Huan wrote Record of My Travels.
4. Before the Song Dynasty which means of transport did Chinese travelers mainly use?
Before the Song Dynasty Chinese travelers mainly traveled over land.
5. In the eleventh century, who made several voyages to the court of the Song Dynasty?
In the eleventh century, the Africans made several voyages to the court of the Song Dynasty.
Period 4 Reading （二）
1.reach/ reach out/ reach for
Please reach me that book.
Not a single word reached my ears.
He reached out his hand for the knife , but it was too far away.
We must reach out to those in need.
Jim reached for a gun but he was stopped.
What puzzles me is why they didn't show up.
• He looked a little puzzled.
• We finally puzzled out the meaning of the poem
• Her decision was a puzzle to him
• I'm in a puzzle as to how to cope with the new situations.
3.search /search for /search --- for/ in search of
The police searched the prisoner to see if he had a gun.
I searched shop after shop for my sister’sbirthday present.
The parents searched for their lost boy here and there , but they didn’t find him.
I will make a search for your book.
I looked everywhere in search of my glasses.
4. long before /before long(= soon )
There was a lively market long before.
Before long you will understand what I said is good for you.
I had waited him long before he came.
It won’t be long before you see him again.
It was long before they escaped from the cruel prison.
5.find one’s way
feel /make / fight /push one’s way
I hope you can find the way home.
She couldn’t find the way out of the building.
The soldiers fought their way through thefierce enemies.
6.exchange exchange---for in exchange for
I’d like to exchange five apples for five eggs.
Mary exchanged her seat with Ann.
He is giving her French lessons in exchange
for his English lessons
7.an island off the coast of the southeast
Keep off the grassland !
cut a piece off the loaf
The ship was brown off its course.
8.wander ( 常与about /in/ through连用)
The children wandered in the woods.
The river wanders through beautiful country.
They wandered up and down the road aimlessly.
His mind wandered back to his college life.
The officer commanded his men to fire.
He commanded that everyone make the
best of the chance of senior three.
The army is under the command of general Washington.
Bill is in command of the fleet.
1.海路 sea routes
2.形成人们努力（探索世界）的基础 form the foundation for mankind’s greatest endeavour
3.鼓舞某人做某事 inspire sb to do_4.西洋 the Western Ocean
5.与某人有联系have contacts with 6.丝绸之路the Silk Road
7.与……交换in exchange for 8.中心位置a central position
9.一个中国大使 _______________ 10.East Roman Empire ________________
11.发展成为世界贸易中心 _______________12.促进，导致 ________________
13.r被抓 ________________ 14.拓展，伸出 ________________
15.文化遗迹 ________________ 16.追溯到(没有被动语态) ________________
17.一个小青铜狮雕像 ________________18.意识到彼此的存在 ________________
25.起航 ________________ 26.重新确立关系 ________________
27.送某人贵重礼物 ________________ 28. 送信 ________________
29.设立使馆 ________________ 30.作为回报 ________________
33. A以B为基础 ________________________
10.a Chinese ambassador 一个中国大使
11.*the East Roman Empire 东罗马帝国
12.develop into the world’s trading centre 发展成为世界贸易中心
13.lead to 促进，导致
14.be taken prisoner被抓
15.reach out 拓展，伸出
18.a small bronze statue of a lion 一个小青铜狮雕像
19.the awareness of each other’s existence意识到彼此的存在
20.The time was ripe for a grand meeting. 正式往来的时机成熟了。
21.reach the height of power到达了繁盛时期
22.China prospered under a new dynasty. 中国的新朝代开始繁荣了。
23.treasure fleets 商船队
24.*sail westwards on voyages of exploration下西洋从事探险
25.under the command of …在……的领导之下
26.set sail (to / from / for) 起航
28.send sb. a royal present送某人贵重礼物
29.send a message to sb. 送信
32.a symbolic meaning 象征意义
33.The exchange for goods had a symbolic meaning far more important than the value of the goods themselves货物交流的象征意义比货物本身的价值要重要的多。
34.base A on B A以B为基础
1. Trade and curiosity, (好奇) have often formed the foundation for mankind’s greatest endeavor.
2. Marco Polo’s stories inspired Christopher Columbus and other European explorers to search for sea route to the distant, wealthy (富有的) Asian lands.
3. Silk from China found its way over land along the Silk Road to India, the middle east and Rome, in exchange for (来交换) spices and glass.
4. Ceylon, with its central position (中央位置), was the place where Chinese merchants met with Arab merchants and heard about the westernmost lands.
5. Gan Ying, a Chinese ambassador (大使) went to the east Roman Empire over land.
6. The contacts between China and Africa over the centuries had led to the awareness of each other’s existence, (存在).
7. Still no ____(精确的) maps of the countries around Indian Ocean ____(存在) before Zheng He.
8. By the beginning of 15th century the time was ____(成熟).
9.Under the ____(统帅) of Zheng He, the fleets set sail from the south China Sea across the Indian Ocean to the mouth of the Red Sea.
10. Zheng He ____(重建) relations with the kingdoms of the East African coast.
11. The fleets made several ____(远征) before the ____ (探险) was stopped.
实践证明经常访问无忧英语教育网 www.51education.net ,能迅速提高你的英语学习能力!积沙成塔,不断提高! 本站所提供的所有信息仅供学校课堂教学及英语学习者学习研究之用，其著作权归原作者及媒体所有。
1. a large sum of money一大笔钱
2.*Three Gorges Dam 三峡大坝
3. bring up 抚养；提出（议题）；呕吐
4.*the most important Central Asian trade route 最重要的中亚贸易路线
5.with a population of 有。。。人口 （提问用What’s the population of….?）
Period 6 Integrating Skills
Step 1 Scanning
Title Going High: the Pioneers of the Third Pole
Para. 1 By the middle of 1920s, Mount Qomolangma remained to be greatest challenge for
Para 2 Climbing Mount Qomolangma was dangerous and it seemed almost impossible because of its extreme conditions.
Para 3 Sherpas prove to be the ideal guide since the first attempt.
Para 4 Though several attempt failed in 1920s, Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay made their
first successful attempt to the summit in 1953.
Para 5 After the first successful attempt to conquer Mount Qomolangma, it remains man’s great challenges until now.
Para 6 The Chinese successfully reached the summit of it in 1960.
Para 7 Over the past 40 years, other 29 Chinese reached the summit for scientific research or
Step 2 Read the text and answer the following questions.
1. Why do you think the writer call Mount Qomolangma the third pole?
First, the North Pole and the South Pole lie respectively in the southernmost and northernmost points of the world, while Mount Qomolangma stands the highest in the world. Second, like the North Pole and the South Pole, it is hard for people to conquer because of the extreme conditions.
2.Why can the Tibetans live at ease in such extreme conditions?
Because they have lived there for centuries and have adjusted to the condition.
3.What makes Sherpas the most reliable guides in every attempt to climb Mount Qomolangma?
Because they are strong, skillful, honest and dedicative.
4.What might have been the possible reasons that made British expeditions fail in 1922 and 1924?
They were not prepared for many unexpected difficulties and they were not very familiar with Mount Qomolangma.
5.Why could the two Newzealanders make it to the summit of Mount Qomolangma?
After World War 2, technological advances in clothing and equipment had been made and more was known about the mountain itself.
6.When did Chinese first reach the summit of Mount Qomolangma? Who were they?
On May 25 of 1960. Gongbu, Wang Fuzhou, and Qu Yinhua.
7.What evidence does the Chinese team have to prove that they really reached the summit of
An iron container with the national flag and a portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong.
8.By now, how many Chinese have climbed Mount Qomolangma successfully, 29, 32 or more than that?
More than 32.
How to understand these sentences and phrases?
1.Going to Mount Qomolangma was like going to the moon.
Going to Mount Qomolangma was regarded as difficult as going to the moon.
2.The death Zone
People find it impossible to live in the area.
3.They had no idea what they were up against.
They didn’t know what conditions they were going to face.
Oxygen brought by the British expeditons.
5.Like winning in the Olympic Games, climbing a mountain such as Mount Qomolangma is a great personal achievment.
Mountain climbing itself means exploring human possibilities and every success proves the conqueror’s courage, endeavor and ability.
Read from paragraph 3 to paragraph 5 and answer the following questions.
1. Why can the Tibetans live at ease in such extreme conditions?
Tibetans can live at ease in such extreme conditions because they have lived in Himalayas for centuries and have adjusted to the conditions at such a height.
2. What makes Sherpas the most reliable guide in every attempt to climb Mount Qomolangma?
Sherpas’ strength, skill, honesty and dedication have made them the most reliable guide.
3. What might have been the possible reasons that made British expeditions fail in 1922 and in 1924?
They were not prepared to many unexpected difficulties and they were not very familiar with Mount Qomolangma.
4. Why could Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay make it to the summit of Mount Qomolangma?
After World War Two, technological advances in clothing and equipment had been made and more was known about the mountain itself.
5. How do you understand the sentence “Like winning in the Olympic Games, climbing a mountain such as Mount Qomolangma is a great personal achievement”?
Mountain climbing itself means exploring human possibilities and every success proves the conqueror’s courage, endeavor and ability.
6. After the first successful climbing, why did so many people still want to climb Mount Qomolangma?
Different people represent different countries and different “number ones”.
Read from paragraph 6 to paragraph 7 and finish the following cloze.
The Chinese made their first successful attempt(首次成功攀登) in 1960. The team members _ included (包括) Gongbu, Wang Fuzhou and Qu Yinhua. It was dark when they reached the summit (到达顶峰). Thus they were unable to take photos (没能够拍到照片) to produce evidence. On their return, they were praised (被颂扬为) as national heroes. On May 27, 1975, another team arrived at the peak (到达顶峰) of Mount Qomolangma from its northern side. Over the past 40 years, 29 other Chinese people have climbed (已经攀登) Mount Qomolangma.
Step3 Language points
1.apart from __________________
Apart from Beijing,they have visited Tianjing,Nanjing,Jinan and Qingdao. __________________.
2.adjust to _________________
The foreignners have adjusted to life in Beijing. ___________________________.
3.act as __________________
In the drama,she act as a sleeping beauty. __________________________________.
4.rely on _________________
The success of the project relies on the efforts of all the engineers._________________________.
5.refer …to… =think of ..as… __________________
Wa all refer to Mr Qin as a good teacher . __________________________________________.
6.run out of _______________
They were out of breath as their strength ran out. _______________________________________.
7.be praised as =be honored as ________________________
The athletes who won medals in the Olympics are praised as national heroes.
1.reach the North and South Poles______________________
2 the origins of the world’s major rivers_____________________________________
3.在如此高的海拔高度_____________________ 4.不无风险 _____________________
5.除……之外 ______________________ 6.稀薄的空气 ____________________
7.引发高原反应 ____________________ 8.没有能力做某事 _________________
9.适应极端的环境 _____________________ 10.几天 _________________
11.在这么高的地方 _____________________ 12.充当向导 _______________________
14.使他们成为理想的伴侣___________________ 15.依靠 ____________________
16.面对，对抗 _____________________ 17.认为某人某物 …_________________
18.用尽 ___________________ 19.作出技术的进步___________________________ 20.做成功，达成 _____________make it to +地点 _____________________
22.in attempts to climb the mountain over different slopes ______________________________
23.尝试做某事 _______________________24.照相 __________________
25.a portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong__________________ 26.返回_________________
1.reach the North and South Poles到达南北极
2 the origins of the world’s major rivers世界上主要河流的源头
3.at such high altitudes 在如此高的海拔高度
4.be not without risk 不无风险 5.apart from除……之外 6.thin air稀薄的空气
7.cause mountain sickness引发高原反应 8.be unable to do 没有能力做某事
9.adjust to these extreme conditions适应极端的环境 10.a couple of days 几天
11.at such a great height 在这么高的地方
12act as guides充当向导 13.honesty and dedication诚实和奉献精神
14.make them ideal companions使他们成为理想的伴侣 15.rely on依靠
16.be up against面对，对抗 17.laugh at嘲笑
18.refer to sth/sb as 认为某人某物。。。 19.run out用尽
20.make technological advances in…作出技术的进步
21.make it做成功，达成 make it to +地点 到达某地 22.succeed in doing成功作某事
23.*in attempts to climb the mountain over different slopes尝试从不同的山坡登山
24.in one’s attempt to do 尝试做某事
25.take photos照相 26.a portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong毛主席头像
27.on one’s return返回 28.be praised as national heroes被誉为民族英雄
1.make (good ) use of (充分)利用 2.deal with 处理
3.meet with (偶然)遭遇;碰到;尝到 4.evluate… from… 从什么方面(观点)评价……
5.take possession of 获得;占有;作为……的代表 6. in the name of 以……的名义;作为……的
7.search for 寻找……;搜索;探求 8.long before 很久以前。 before long是不久以后之意
9.have contact with 与……联系;与……接触 10.in exchange for 与……交换
11.develop into 发展成为 12.lead to 导致;通向 13.be taken prisoner 作为囚犯被关押
14.date from 从……就开始有;追溯到 15.by the beginning of 到……(之)初
16.under the command of 在……的统帅下
17.in turn (for) 作为……的报酬;作为交换(回报;回答)
18.adjust to 附属于某人的;调整;调节;校准;(使)适应
19.be up against 对抗;对付;面临 20.fail to 力所不能;失败 21.succeed in 在……取得成功
22.apart from 别无;除……外(尚有) 23.run out 耗尽;用光
24.have something (nothing) to do with与……有(无)关
25.form the foundation for 为。。构成基础 26. find its way 找到。。的路
27. leave behind 留下 28.be similar to….与…相似 29.equipped with… “ 装备”
30．Inspire sb to do sth 鼓励某人做某事 31.be lost 迷失 32.Base on 以。。为基础
Step Ⅴ Post Reading
Task one: Questions and Answers
T: Look at Post-Reading part and answer questions of exercise one and two.
Sa: Traveling stories and trade made people know about far-away civilizations. Marco Polo’s stories inspired Christopher Columbus and other European explorers to search for sea routes to the distant and wealthy Asian lands. People of Han Dynasty knew about Africa through the mouth of merchants.
Sb: They are east, west, westernmost, eastern and so on. Theses words are used to suggest that the topic of the passage is the communication between the west and the east.
Task two: Fill in the chart
T: Read the requirement of exercise 3 and 4 carefully and fill in the two charts.
Key to exercise 3:
Period Name Way of travel Goods
Han Dynasty Gang Ying Over land Rhinoceros horns
From Han Dynasty to the early Tang Dynasty Ivory, Rhinoceros horns, spices, shells, animal skins, sugar
Tang Dynasty Du Huan Over land and by boat
Song Dynasty By sea A bronze statue of a lion
Ming Dynasty Zheng He By sea Zebras, giraffes, Ivory, Rhinoceros horns, shells
Key to exercise 4:
Goods Africa Africa and Asia
Rhinoceros horns √
Task three: Paraphrasing (Exercise 5)
T: Paraphrase the phrases and sentences from the text in English using your own words.
Sa: The Africans left the African land and came for a visit to China by sea.
Sb: In the Ming Dynasty both China and the eastern coast countries became very prosperous, and there came the great need for state-to-state contact.
Sc: The part of ocean where the Red Sea meets the Indian Ocean.
Sd: For a short period of time, China held the power of sea for she had large navy, experienced sailors and an excellent admiral—Zheng He.
Task four: discussion
T: Read the requirement of exercise 6 of Post reading, and discuss it with your partner. After that I will call some students to show your opinions.
Students discuss with their partner and come to a conclusion.
Sa: The symbolic meaning is that by trading they built friendly relations. The peaceful communication led to the mutual understanding of each other beyond the basic knowing of each other’s existence.
Sb: Before the USA and China renewed their diplomatic relationship in the late 1970s, China invited the American table tennis delegation to visit China for a friendship match. After the event, the USA expressed her willingness to establish diplomatic relationship with China. Later the event was called Ping-Pang diplomacy.