Unit2 Crossing Limits
Period 1 Words and expressions
Teaching Aims and Demands :1.All the students can pronounce all the words
2. Grasp the usages of some words and phrases
Teaching Important Points: The usages of the important words and phrases
Step1.Ask some of the students to read the words and correct their pronunciation
1.various ______________ ( n.) 2. wealthy _____________(n.)
3 existence ____________ ( v.) 4. unable ______________(反义词)
5.suggest ______________( n.) 6. origin _______________( adj.)
7.equip _______________( n.) 7.evaluate_____________( n.)
1.evaluate v. evaluation n.
evaluate her chances of success ___________________
evaluate/value evaluate 很少用来表示 “估价”或 “估计”某事物的市场价值, 而是用来表示 “评价” value 估计某物的价值,价格
He _________ the house for me at $3,500.
2. various adj. for various reasons ______________
variety n.. a variety of ______________
3.in the name of 以 …..... 的名义, 代表
I arrest you in the name of the law.
I did it all in the name of friendship.
name after _____________ with the name ______________ by name____________
by the name of _________________ under the name of ____________________
4.key n 钥匙;键;答案 adj. 关键性的, 极重要的
a key speech_____________ the key to the answer _______________
keyboard _______________ keynote ____________
5.puzzle n.难题; 迷 word puzzles___________
find the answer to a puzzle ____________
set a puzzle for sb. / set sb. a puzzle ______________
.v. 使困惑 Her reply puzzled me.
puzzled 困惑的,茫然的 puzzling 令人费解的
She listened with a ____________ expression on the face.
6.exchange n. 交换 an exchange of glances 互使眼色
v. exchange A for B _________ exchange sth. ( with sb.) ____________
He exchanged the blue sweater for a red one.
Tom exchanged seats with Ben.
in exchange for 交换
He gave me an apple ___________________ a piece of cake.
7.accurate 准确的, 精确的 an accurate answer ___________
accurate / correct / exact
Is this watch __________?
His answer is __________?
His translation is __________ to the letter.
at/ by sb’s command 受某人指挥, 奉某人之命
I’m here at the manager’s command.
v. command sb to do
The officer commanded his men to fire.
A government minister commands the services of many officials
The officer commanded that the soldiers should fire at once..
9. set sail to/ from/ for 起航
He has sailed ( from Shanghai ) for Dalian.
set about sth/doing sth_______________ set aside _______________
set off ____________ set up _________________
set out ____________ be set in _______________
10.in return ( for ) 作为回报
I bought him a drink in return for his help._________________________.
many happy returns 生日祝词
return fare_____________ return ticket_____________
v. 回到 return (home) from a holiday____________
return to Paris from London _____________
11.bring up 培养; 呕吐;提出
He was brought up by his aunt.
bring up one’s lunch. _____________
bring down ____________ bring about_____________
bring along_____________ bring in _____________
12.accomplish v. 完成, 实现 n. accomplishment n.
accomplish one’s aim; a task 达到目的; 完成任务
an accomplished fact 既成事实
accomplished adj.( = skilled ) an accomplished dancer; cook 有才艺的舞蹈家, 厨师
13. apart from 除......之外( 别无 ) ; 除……之外( 尚有 )
Apart from his nose, he’s quite good-looking.
Apart from the injures to his face and hands, he broke both legs.
14.refer v. 论及 reference n.
refer to 提到; 参考; 涉及; 和……有关
When I said some people are stupid, I wasn’t referring to you.
If you have some questions, refer to the guidebook.
What I have to say refers to all of us.
The book referred to in his speech is on environment.
refer a patient to a specialist for treatment 把病人交给专科医生治疗
He referred the student to the headmaster. 他叫那名学生去找校长.
16.run out ( of ) 用完 / use up
The petrol is running out. / We are running out of petrol.
He has used up all his money.
17.arise 出现; 上升
A strong wind arose in the night. 夜间刮起强风.
Smoke arose from the chimney.
1.交换______________________ 2. 建议做某事__________________
3.起航______________________ 4.除…..之外 __________________
1.To people of the early civilizations, the world map was a great p_________.
2.The contacts between China and Africa over the centuries led to the awareness of each other’s e__________, but still no a___________ maps of the countries around the India Ocean existed.
3.I was w_________ in the street when I saw a tailor’s shop.
4.On his return, Yangliwei was p____________ as a national hero.
Period 2 Reaching out across the ocean
Teaching Aims: 1.Train the students’ reading ability.
2.Learn about exploring the south of the Nile.
Teaching Important Points:
1. Enable the students to understand the text better.
2. How to improve the students’ reading ability.
Step1. Review some new words and expressions.
Step2. Pre-reading. Scan the text and answer the following questions.
1.What do you know about the Silk Road?
2.What could have been possible reasons to search for sea routes from China while routes over land were shorter and already existed?
3.In ancient China, there were some famous explorers, such as Gan Ying and Zheng He. What do you know about them?
Step3.Reading Read the passage as carefully as you can. Fill in the following two charts.
1. Find information in the text about contacts between China and Africa, and write in the chart below the periods when these contacts were made, the names of Chinese explorers, the way by which they traveled, and the goods which they brought home.
Period Name Way of travel Goods
2.Which of the animals and animal products that were presented to the Ming court could only be found in Africa? Which could be found in both Africa and Asia? Write your answers in the chart below.
Africa Africa and Asia
Step4.Read the text and find the following phrases and sentences from the text and then explain them in English.
1.The Africans were reaching out to China.
2.The time was ripe.
3.the mouth of the Red Sea
4.For a short time, China had ruled the seas.
Step5.Read the text and find the following important phrases and sentences.
1. reach out
2. search for
3. find one’s way
4. develop into
6. lead to
7. date from
8. under the command of……
9. in return
10. It is well known that Africa had contacts with India and the Red Sea civilizations from the earliest times
11. Ceylon, with its central position, was the place where Chinese merchants met with Arab merchants and heard about the westernmost lands.
12. The wonderful gift and the contact with the black court so excited China’s curiosity about Africa that Zheng He sent a message to the king and to other African states, inviting them to send ambassadors and open embassies in the new Ming capital, Beijing.
13. The exchange of goods had a symbolic meaning far more important than the value of the goods themselves.
Read the text and learn the important sentences by heart.
Period3. Reaching out across the ocean
Teaching Aims 1.Improve the students’ reading ability
2.Grasp the language points
Ask four students to recite the four sentences.
1.reach out (=stretch out)
He reached out for the dictionary.
They are searching for the lost child in the forest.
比较: The police are searching the area for clues.
In search of sb/sth The early explorers went in search of gold.
3.It is well known that Africa had contacts with……
It is well known that……众所周知
注意: As is well known +句子;
What is well known is that……
Eg. _____is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month.
A. It B. As C. That D. What
在该句型中,除know 外,还可以用其它的动词. 如report, announce, mention, hope, think, point out, say等.
. It is reported in the newspaper that talks between the two countries are making progress.
4.take…prisoner (=keep …in prison)
He was taken prisoner for a serious crime in 1999.
5.The wonderful gift and the contact with black court so excited China’s curiosity about Africa that Zheng He sent a message to the king and to other African states, inviting them to……
Eg. It so happened I saw Professor Zhang at the conference.
We so wanted to see the performance again that we stayed in the hall for a long time.
2)inviting them to send……作定语 open前省略了不定式符号to
6.The exchange of goods had a symbolic meaning far more important than the value of the goods themselves.
far是用来修饰比较级的,表示 “……得多”,by far 也可以修饰比较级,但要放在比较级后,如放在前面,应在两者中间加the
He is taller by far than his brother.
He is by far the taller of the two brothers.
表示比较程度的状语除了far, by far 外,还有even, a lot, much, still, a great deal, a bit, a little等
He knew a great deal more than I did.
Step3. Homework Review the language points and learn the second para. by heart.
Period4 Grammar Review the Predicate
Goals: 1.Review the grammatical point……the Predicate
2.Finish the exercises on P15-16
Step1.Revision. Translate the following sentences into English.
1. 那小孩给那位老人5个苹果交换5只鸡蛋。 （ in exchange for）
2. 他决定第二天起航去伦敦。 （set sail for/to ）
3. Tom 不关心功课，结果所有考试都失败了。 （ in return ）
4. 众所周知，香港是1997年回归祖国的。 （ It is well known that……）
5. 北京是2008年奥运会举办地。 （ where ）
及物动词（ 带宾语 ）learn, ask 等
不及物动词 （ 不带宾语 ）come, go 等
行为动词 持续性动词 sleep, work 等
非持续性动词 start, marry 等
be动词am is are was, were
系动词 表示人或事物的特征，状态和变化feel, grow, fall等
表示某种状态的延续性stay, stand 等
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助动词do, does, did, have, has, shall, will, would 等
情态动词： can, may, must, shall, will, could, might, need, dare, ought to等
2.动词的五种基本形式: 原形动词, 第三人称单数现在式, 过去式, 现在分词, 过去分词。
3.动词的时态: 一般现在时; 一般过去时; 进行时 (现在进行时和过去进行时); 完成时(现在完成时和过去完成时); 将来时(一般将来时和过去将来时)
Step3 Exercises. Finish the exercise on P15-16, paying attention to the Predicate.
Put the Chinese into English to complete the sentences.
1. ________________________ ( 生活就会变得更加美好)when we listen to each other.
2.We _______________(取得了很大的进步) in the past year.
3.When I ___________ ( 学习 )in the university, I ________(读书) in the morning.
4.He __________________ (做作业) from seven to nine last night.
5. The train _______________( 离开 ) before we got to the station.
6. He ___________________ (一定去过那里) before.
Period5.Integrating skills Reading
Going High: The Pioneers of the third pole
Goals:1. Learn some useful words and expressions
2. Improve the reading ability.
3. Read the text fluently.
Step1. Review the Predicate
1.He helped to search for Dr Living-stone in Africa who___________ ( miss ) for some years.
2.As Livingstone________ (be) already very famous, any news about him _________ (get) the public’s attention.
3.Hardly _______ I _________ (get) into the room when it ______ (start) to rain.
4.By the end of this month, they ___________________ (complete) the road construction.
5.Tom, you are so lazy, this job __________________ (finish) hours before.
6.Somebody knocked at the door while I _____________ (do) some reading.
A. Read the text and answer the following questions
1. What does “the third Pole ” refer to in the text?
2. What does the writer call it the third Pole?
3. Why is it difficult to climb Mount Qomolangma ?
4. Who was the first to reach the top?
5. Did the Chinese team ever reach the summit of the mountain? How do you know?
B. Read again and master some useful expressions
apart from adjust to act as rely on
refer to…….as…. run out (of) have no chance of doing
succeed in doing……. be praised as at the age of
C. Read and recite some sentences.
1. All that was left to be conquered was the “ third pole ”, the highest mountain on earth, Mount Qomolangma.
2. Apart from the cold, thin air and low oxygen levels can cause mountain sickness, which can kill.
3. They had no idea what they were up against.
4. The New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay, as members of a British team, were the first to make it to the summit of Mount Qomolangma.
5. On their return, they were praised as national heroes.
Step3. Homework Read the passage fluently.