1. merely adv. 只是,仅仅,不过That was merely a guess of mine
mere adj. __________
It is a mere 100 metres from my house to the school.
•classify sb/sth. Into/in….把。。。归为。。。类。
classify sth.according to/by sth. 依据，按照。。。分类。
Eggs are classified according to size
People who work in libraries spend a lot of time classifying books.
•1). We ___(把他归为) as an honest person.
•2). All the books in our library ___ (严格分类的)
•3). She was ___ one of the greatest scientist of our time.
•A. classified B. classified as
•C. classifying D. classifying to be
the identification of criminals by their fingerprints
I used my driver's license as identification.
Would you like to show me your identification?
4. promote vt.__________;___________;____________.
She worked hard and was soon promoted.
The organization works to promote friendship between nations.
He was in town to promote his new book.
Promote sb.(from sth)to sth.。提升
Promoter of 拥护的人；支持的人
promote sb.(from sth) to sth.提升某人为
She worked hard and was soon promoted to headmaster.
•5.Privilege = Special rights_______________
Nowadays there is less privilege and more of an equal chance in life for everyone.
It’s a privilege (荣幸) to hear her sing.
Exercise gave her a good (poor)appetite.
•have an appetite for ____________________
At the moment she had no appetite for gossip.7.Appoint vt.__________;___________;____________.
They appointed him to be/as chairman.
Our visitors arrived at the appointed time.
We have appointed 8 o’clock as the time to begin.
Appoint sb.to sth.。委派/任命某人担任某职位
Appoint sb.as sth.。任命某人干某份工作
Appoint a time and place for ……为。。。确定时间和地点
Make an appointment 约定；约会
Recommend sb./sth. For…委派/任命某人担任某职位
Recommend sb. As任命某人干某份工作
Put forward sb. As/for…
1.We should appoint Mike to (to be) a monitor of our class. (改错)
2. He ______________ __________ __________ (已约定在门口接他)。
3.The time ____________________________________ the meeting was 2 p.m.
A. appointed to B. appointing for
C. appointed for D. appointing to
8.calculate vt. ____________________
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He calculated the costs very carefully.
His remark was calculated to hurt her.
I calculate you'll get there in time.
3). 计划,打算;使适合(某种目的) [+to-v]
His remark was calculated to hurt her.
I calculate they will soon arrive.
Have you finished calculating yet?
at one’s expense 由某人负担费用
at the expense of牺牲,以……作代价
He became an outstanding scholar, but only at the expense of his health.
他自己出钱印了书。(have sth. done)
He had his book printed at his own expense.
10.look out for___________________________
look out / watch out ：语气最强，常用于某种紧急的情况或可能出现的危险的场合。
take care ：语气不如look out强，常用于出现不测的情况下做出提醒或警告。
be careful ：常用语，使用场合较广。
1）Look out! There is a car coming.
2) Take care! The pan is hot. Don’t touch it.
3) Be careful! Don’t break it. It’s made of glass.
look out for 当心，小心；找寻
1） Look out for the pickpockets.
2) He look out for truths all his life.
10. On a large/tremendous scale_____；_____
Beijing is beautiful on a large scale to greet the coming Olympics.
Some countries are preparing for war on a large scale.
11. involve 包括；牵涉；使参与
The strike involved many people.
involve sb. / sth. in (doing ) sth. 使某人/物参与……
Don’t involve me in solving your problems.be involved in = be busy doing / be engaged in 从事， 忙于……
He is involved in preparing for the entrance exam.
He quickly accumulated a large fortune.
Dust and dirt soon accumulate if a house is not cleaned regularly.
注意：英语中，与Accumulate 意思相近，既可用作及物动词，又可用作不及物动词的词还有： increase, improve, gather等。
The sailors abandoned the burning ship.
The broken bike was found abandoned by the river side.
He finally abandoned his reformist ideas.
She abandoned herself to despair.
Is this how you reward me for my help?
She rewarded him with a smile.
A £1000 reward was offered for the return of the stolen painting.
The reward has never been claimed.
Ask no reward 不图报酬
Give a reward to sb for sth 为某事给某人报酬
Offer a reward of 给酬金。。。
As a reward for…作为对。。。。的酬谢
Reward sb for sth/doing sth 因。。。报答某人
Reward according to sb’s deserts 论功行赏
Reward sb with /by 用。。。酬谢某人。
15.Distinguish vi,vt ____；____；
Distinguish between A and B分辨A 和B
Distinguish A from B B区分A与B
(Be)distinguished by 以。。。为特征
people who cannot distinguish between colours are said to be colour-blind
he distinguished himself by his bravery.
Tell the difference between A and B 说出A 与B 之间的不同
Tell A from B 把A 与B 区分开来
Tell A and B apart 把A 与B 分开
Differ A from B.使A 不同于B